Proximate composition and in vitro analysis of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Padina boryana Thivy

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Eldrin D. L. R. Arguelles
Arsenia B. Sapin

Abstract

The chemical composition as well as the antioxidant and antibacterial properties of the brown seaweed, Padina boryana Thivy from Catanauan, Quezon were investigated. The seaweed contain high concentration of carbohydrates (40.81 ± 0.49%), ash (21.80 ± 0.33%) and protein (18.03 ± 0.23% on dry basis). Also, P. boryana has a total phenolic content of 1.40 ± 0.02 mg GAE g-1. Antioxidant efficiency of P. boryana are characterized by having potent DPPH free radical scavenging activity and high copper reducion capacity with IC50 value of 31.2 μg GAE ml-1 and 11.43 μg GAE ml-1 respectively, more effective than ascorbic acid (control). The seaweed extract exhibited potent antibacterial activities against bactetrial pathogen such as Staphylococcus epidermidis (MIC = 125 μg ml-1), Micrococcus luteus (MIC = 125 μg ml-1), Staphylococcus aureus (MIC = 250 μg ml-1), and Aeromonas hydrophila (MIC = 250 μg ml-1). The current investigation is a pioneering study in the Philippines that shows the potential of P. boryana as potential source of bioactive substances that can be use for pharmaceutical and food industries.

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Biological sciences

References

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