Species Diversity of Ground Dwelling Ants at Coffee Plantation in Agroforestry System

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Lakkhika Panyaraksa
Piyawan Suttiprapan
Sawai Buranapanichpan


Species diversity of ground dwelling ants at coffee plantation in agroforestry system was studied in two coffee plantations: 1) Huai Pong, Wiang Pa Pao district, Chiang Rai province and 2) Pa Miang Chae Son, Mueang Pan district, Lampang province. The aim of this study was to investigate ground dwelling ants in two different coffee plantations management, during rainy seasons (June-August, 2016), cool seasons (October, 2016-January, 2017) and summer seasons (March-May, 2017). Ants were collected and separated by using Winkler extractor from collected leaf litter and soil in both sites. A total of 49 species, 36 genera in 9 subfamilies was found in the two study areas. Pa Miang Chae Son with few managements and less disturbance found 38 ant species 27 genera in 8 subfamilies and 28 ant species are not found in another study area. Huai Pong with well management total 21 ant species 18 genera in 5 subfamilies were collected that less species richness and 11 ant species are specific area. Rainy seasons was higher species richness in both sites. The highest number of ants is subfamily Myrmicinae (42.86%). Tetramorium polymorphum was the most abundant species in Pa Miang Chae Son while Technomyrmex yamanei was the most abundant species in Huai Pong. The species diversity index indicated that the diversity in Pa Miang Chae Son (3.515) was higher than Huai Pong (2.587) The result of this study revealed that field management and disturbance affected on ant diversity.


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Panyaraksa, L. ., Suttiprapan, P. ., & Buranapanichpan, S. (2019). Species Diversity of Ground Dwelling Ants at Coffee Plantation in Agroforestry System. Thai Journal of Forestry, 38(1), 168–182. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjf/article/view/245824
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