Main Article Content
This study aimed to assess lorcaserin efficacy for improving anthropological parameters, blood pressure, lipid profile and blood glucose. The databases included PubMed, ScienceDirect and Cochrane Library from inception to July 2017. For this analysis, we selected randomized controlled trial conducted in human dosed with various doses of larcaserin. We performed a quality assessment of the retrieved studied using Jadad’s scoring and Cochrane’s risk of bias assessment. Seven studies (8,606 participants) met inclusion criteria. The dose of lorcasrine was 10-20 mg/day orally used varying from 4 weeks to 2 years. Meta-analysis revealed a reduction in BMI (weight mean difference; WMD -0.73 kg/m2; 95 % CI -0.89, -0.58), body weight (WMD -1.67 kg; 95 % CI -2.16, -1.19), waist circumference (WMD -1.72 cm; 95 % CI -2.19, -1.25) and hip circumference (WMD -0.91 cm; 95 % CI -1.67, -0.14). Similar results were observed for LDL-cholesterol (WMD -2.64 mg/dL; 95 % CI -4.34, -0.94), TC (WMD -3.48 mg/dL; 95 % CI -4.56, -2.41) and TG (WMD -4.11 mg/dL; 95 % CI -6.51, -1.72). Moreover, participants administrated lorcaserin significant reduction in HbA1C (WMD -0.25 %; 95 % CI -0.50, -0.01), fasting insulin (WMD -1.39 uIU/mL; 95 % CI -2.07, -0.72) and HOMA-IR (WMD -0.25; 95 % CI -0.30, -0.20). No serious adverse effects were found in either the lorcaserin or comparator groups. In conclusion, lorcaserin improved anthropological parameters, lipid profile, HbA1C, serum insulin and HOMA-IR.
Keywords: lorcaserin; anthropological parameter; blood pressure; lipid profile; blood glucose
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