Effects of Longan Seed Meal Supplementation in Diets on Growth Performance for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Main Article Content

อนุรักษ์ เขียวขจรเขต

Abstract

Longan seed is a by-product of processing longan that has high nutritional remaining. These nutrients are possibly used for growth development in fish. To study the effects of longan seed meal (LSM) as a potential feed ingredient in fish, LSM was used in tilapia experimental diets by replacing protein from broken rice meal with varying levels from 0, 5, 10, 25, and 50 % (LSM 0-50 %). All experimental diets were iso-nitrogenous and iso-lipidic diets. Feeding was given ad libitum for 8 weeks. Tilapia (initial body weight = 130.45±0.19 g/20 fish) was raised in approximately 100 L glass tank with a stocking density of 20 fish for each replication. The results of the present study showed that tilapia fed with diet containing 25 % LSM had the highest weight gain, average daily gain, specific growth rate, feed intake, feed conversion efficiency, feed efficiency, protein efficiency ratio, and protein productive value. In addition, fish fed diet containing 25 % LSM had the lowest feeding cost. Taken together, these results indicate that dietary 25 % LSM replacement is a potential level for using as a novel feed ingredient for Nile tilapia diet.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
วิทยาศาสตร์ชีวภาพ
Author Biography

อนุรักษ์ เขียวขจรเขต

ภาควิชาวิทยาศาสตร์การเกษตร คณะเกษตรศาสตร์ ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ และสิ่งแวดล้อม มหาวิทยาลัยนเรศวร ตำบลท่าโพธิ์ อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดพิษณุโลก 65000

References

[1] Khieokhajonkhet, A., 2018, Effects of fish silage on growth performance, feed and nutrient utilization of red tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus x O. Mossambi cus), J. Agric. 34(2): 287-296. (in Thai)
[2] Khieokhajonkhet, A. and Detpan, N., 2019, Effects of replacement of fishmeal protein by chicken viscera meal protein on growth performance and feed efficiency in hybrid catfish (Clarias microcephalus x C. gariepinus), Khon Kaen Agric. J. 47(1): 1-10. (in Thai)
[3] Thongwittaya, N., Chokethaworn, N. and Manochai, P., 2011, A Study on the Utilization of Polyphenol Compounds from Longan Seed and Longan Seed Meal Broiler Diets, Research Report, Mae Jo University, Chiang Mai, 55 p. (in Thai)
[4] Department of Agriculture, 2004, Plant Germplasm Database: Longan, Plant Varieties Protection Office, Department of Agriculture, The Agricultural Co-operative Federation of Thailand Press, Bangkok, 94 p. (in Thai)
[5] Sruamsiri, S. and Silman, P., 2015, Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of by-product from longan production, Agric. Res. Extens. 32(2): 50-58. (in Thai)
[6] Lin, C.C., Chung, Y.C. and Hsu, C.P., 2012, Potential roles of longan flower and seed extracts for anti-cancer, World J. Exp. Med. 2: 78-85.
[7] Yang, B., Jiang, Y.M., Shi, J., Chen, F. and Ashraf, M., 2011, Extraction and pharmacological properties of bioactive compounds from longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour) fruit – A review, Food Res. Int. 44: 1837-1842.
[8] Khieokhajonkhet, A., 2008, Replacement of fishmeal by soybean meal on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linn), Naresuan Agric. J. 11: 483-490. (in Thai)
[9] AOAC, 1990, Official Methods of Analysis, 15th Ed., The Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D.C.
[10] Lee, C.H., Chen, Y.S., Hou, C.W., Jeng, K.C. and Chen, K.S., 2016, Anti-inflammatory effect of longan seed extract in carrageenan stimulated Sprague-Dawley rats, IJBMS. 19: 870-874.
[11] Thongwittaya, N., Imsombat, N., Choke thaworn, N. and Manochai, P., 2012, Using of longan seed meal for broiler diets, Khon Kaen Agric. J. 40: 285-288. (in Thai)
[12] Maneewan, B., Buajoom, T., Puranapong, P. and Nanta, Y., 2009, Study on the Proximate Composition, Digestibility, and Digestible Energy of Longan Seed and Seed Kernel in Poultry, Research Report, Faculty of Animal Science and Technology, Mae Jo University, Chiang Mai, 9 p. (in Thai)
[13] Bello, M.O., Falade, O.S., Adewusi, S.R.A. and Olawore, N.O., 2008, Studies on the chemical composition and anti-nutrients of some lesser known Nigeria fruits, Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7: 3972-3979.
[14] Liebert, F. and Portz, L., 2005, Nutrient utilization of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fed plant based low phosphorus diets supplemented with graded levels of different sources of microbial phytase, Aquaculture 248: 111-119.
[15] Worasuttayangkurn, L., Watcharasit, P., Rangkadilok, N., Suntararuks, S., Khamkonga, P. and Satayaviva, J., 2012, Safety evaluation of longan seed extract: Acute and repeated oral administration, Food Chem. Toxicol. 50: 3949-3955.
[16] Haylor, G.S., 1992, African Catfish Hatchery Manual, Stirling Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Scotland, 86 p.