Evaluation of plant growth−promoting streptomyces sp.SR13−2 immobilized with sugarcane bagasse and filter cake for promoting rice growth


  • Janejira Detraksa Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University, Muang, Lopburi 15000 Thailand


plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, actinomycete, filtercake, bagasse, rice


The present study investigates the potential use of the sugarcane industrial by−products as carrier materials for immobilized with plant growth promoting (PGP) actinomycete and its effect on the growth of rice. The antagonistic actinomycete SR13−2 obtained from rice rhizospheric soils was selected and evaluated for PGP properties. Results showed that the isolate SR13−2 exhibited ability to produce
16.15 µg/mL of indole−3−acetic acid, solubilize inorganic phosphate on Pikovskaya’s agar, but did not produce siderophore. Based on morphological and the 16S rDNA sequence analysis indicated the isolate SR13−2 belonged to the genus Streptomyces. The sugarcane bagasse and filter cake were evaluated as potential supports for immobilization of Streptomyces sp. SR13−2 by solid−state fermentation. On the seventh day of fermentation, the number of Streptomyces sp. SR13−2 cells in the bagasse and filter cake were 8.0 × 109 and 3.1 × 1010 CFU/g dry carrier, respectively. Pot experiments revealed that Streptomyces sp. SR13−2 immobilized with the mixture bagasse and filter cake treatment exhibited significant enhancement in shoot height, root lengths, and dry weight of shoot and root, compared with all treatments. These results suggest that Streptomyces sp. SR13−2 immobilized in the bagasse and filter cake could be a promising candidate for rice growth enhancement.



Download data is not yet available.


Abd El-Fattah, D.A., Eweda, W.E., Zayed, M.S. and Hassanein, M.K. 2013. Effect of carrier materials, sterilization method, and storage temperature on survival and biological activities of Azotobacter chroococcum inoculant. Annals of Agricultural Science. 58(2): 111–118.
Awla, H.K., Kadir, J., Othman, R., Rashid, T.S., Hamid, S. and Wong, M. 2017. Plant growth-promoting abilities and biocontrol efficacy of Streptomyces sp. UPMRS4 against Pyricularia oryzae. Biological Control. 112: 55–63.
Detraksa, J. and Surawattanakij, S. 2018. Isolation of actinomycetes with inhibitory activity against Curvularia lunata causing dirty panicle disease in rice. Agricultural Science Journal. 49(2) (Suppl.): 201-204.
Dotaniya, M.L., Datta, S.C., Biswas, D.R., Dotaniya, C.K., Meena, B.L., Rajendiran, S., Regar, K.L. and Lata, M. 2016. Use of sugarcane industrial by-products for improving sugarcane productivity and soil health. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. 5:185–194.
Gopalakrishnan, S., Pande, S., Sharma, M. Humayun, P., Kiran, B.K., Sandeep, D., Vidya, M.S., Deepthi, K. and Rupela, O. 2011. Evaluation of actinomycete isolates obtained from herbal vermicompost for the biological control of Fusarium wilt of chickpea. Crop Protection. 30: 1070-1078.
Gopalakrishnan, S., Vadlamudi, S., Bandikinda, P., Sathya, A., Vijayabharathi, R., Rupela, O., Kudapa, H., Katta, K., Varshney, R.K. 2014. Evaluation of Streptomyces strains isolated from herbal vermicompostfor their plant growth-promotion traits in rice. Microbiological Research. 169: 40– 48.
Himaman, W., Thamchaipenet, A., Pathom-aree, W., and Duangmal K. 2016. Actinomycetes from Eucalyptus and their biological activities for controlling Eucalyptus leaf and shoot blight. Microbiological Research. 188-189:42–52.
Ji, S.H., Gururani, M.A. and Chun, S. 2014. Isolation and characterization of plant growth promoting endophytic diazotrophic bacteria from Korean rice cultivars. Microbiological Research. 169: 83– 98.
Khamna, S. Yokota, A., Peberdy, J.F. and Lumyong, S. 2010. Indole-3-acetic acid production by Streptomyces sp. isolated from some Thai medicinal plant rhizosphere soils. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences. 4: 23-32.
Kruasuwan W., and Thamchaipenet, A. 2016. Diversity of culturable plant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes associated with sugarcane roots and their effect of growth by co-inoculation of diazotrophs and actinomycetes. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 35: 1074–1087.
Kumar, V., Bharti, A., Gusain, O., Bisht, G. S. 2010. An improved method for isolation of genomic DNA from filamentous actinomycetes. Journal of Science Engineering and Management. 2(2): 10-13.
Kumar, P., Thakur, S., Dhingra, G.K., Singh, A., Pale, M.K., Harshvardhan, K., Dubey, R.C. and Maheshwari, D.K. 2018. Inoculation of siderophore producing rhizobacteria and their consortium for growth enhancement of wheat plant. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology. 15: 264–269.
Meena R.K., Singh, R.K., Singh, N.P., Meena, S.K. and Meena, V.S. 2015. Isolation of low temperature surviving plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) from pea (Pisum sativum L.) and documentation of their plant growth promoting traits. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology. 4: 806–811.
Mukhtar, S., Shahid, I., Mehnaz, S. and Malik, K.A. 2017. Assessment of two carrier materials for phosphate solubilizing biofertilizers and their effect on growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Microbiological Research. 205: 107–117.
Nutaratat, P., Srisuk, N., Arunrattiyakorn, P. and Limtong, S. 2014. Plant growth-promoting traits of epiphytic and endophytic yeasts isolated from rice and sugar cane leaves in Thailand. Fungal Biology. 118: 683-694.
Nimnoi, P., Pongsilp, N. and Lumyong, S. 2017. The establishment and activity of bacterial inoculant immobilized in agar compared with those of alginate and perlite after being introduced into soil. Chiang Mai Journal of Science. 44(3): 751-767.
Pikovskaya, R.I. 1948. Mobilization of phosphorous in soil in connection with the vital activity of some microbial species. Microbiology. 17: 362-370.
Prado, R.M., Caione, G. and Campos, C.N.S. 2013. Filter cake and vinasse as fertilizers contributing to conservation agriculture. Applied and Environmental Soil Science. 1-8 http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/581984
Schwyn B, Neilands JB, 1987. Universal chemical assay for the detection and determination of siderophores. Analytical Chemistry. 160: 47-56.
Shen, T., Wang, C., Yang, H., Deng, Z., Wang, S., Shen, B. and Shen, Q. 2016. Identification, solid-state fermentation and biocontrol effects of Streptomyces hygroscopicus B04 on strawberry root rot. Applied Soil Ecology. 103: 36–43.
Sreevidya, M., Gopalakrishnan, S., Kudapa, H. and Varshney, R.K. 2016. Exploring plant growth-promotion actinomycetes from vermicompost and rhizosphere soil for yield enhancement in chickpea. Brazilian journal of microbiology. 47: 85–95.
Tamreihao, K., Ningthoujam, D.S., Nimaichand, S., Singh, E.S., Reena, P., Singh, S.H. and Nongthomba, U. 2016. Biocontrol and plant growth promoting activities of a Streptomyces corchorusii strain UCR3-16 and preparation of powder formulation for application as biofertilizer agents for rice plant. Microbiological Research. 192: 260–270.
Tripti, Kumar, A., Usmani, Z., Kumar, V., Anshumali. 2017. Biochar and flyash inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria act as potential biofertilizer for luxuriant growth and yield of tomato plant. Journal of Environmental Management. 190: 20-27.
Wei, Z. Huang, J., Yang, C., Xu, Y., Shen, Q. and Chen, W. 2015. Screening of suitable carriers for Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain QL-18 to enhance the biocontrol of tomato bacterial wilt. Crop Protection. 75: 96-103.




How to Cite

Detraksa, Janejira. 2020. “Evaluation of Plant growth−promoting Streptomyces sp.SR13−2 Immobilized With Sugarcane Bagasse and Filter Cake for Promoting Rice Growth”. Food and Applied Bioscience Journal 8 (2):1-13. https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/fabjournal/article/view/240149.



Food Packaging, Food Laws & Regulations, Food Policy, etc.