Relationship of ethylene production on climacteric behavior in guava (Psidium guajava L.) leaf disks

Main Article Content

Tanyakan Seephueng
Ching-Chang Shiesh


     Guava (Psidium guajava L.) is a climacteric fruit although some cultivars behave in a non-climacteric manner. The objective of this work was to study about the ripening process in guava leaf disks by using kinetin induce ethylene for reduce time of selection and breeding. The results revealed that after 72 hours of incubation, the ethylene production greatly increased in climacteric cultivars and negligible in non-climacteric cultivars. The respiration rates in most cultivars were hardly different. It was predicted that respiratory pattern in hybrid seedlings from ‘Pakistan’ (Climacteric pattern) and ‘Shyh-Jii Bar’ (Non-Climacteric pattern) would eventually be climacteric. Moreover, it was also predicted that respiratory pattern in hybrid seedlings from ‘Hawaii’ (Climacteric pattern) and ‘Jen-Ju Bar’ (Non-Climacteric pattern) would be non-climacteric. The respiration rates were hardly different in all of cultivars. Therefore, ethylene production could be used as an index of climacteric manner to classify the cultivars of guava as either climacteric or non-climacteric type.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Akamine, E.K. and T. Goo. 1979. Respiration and ethylene production in fruits of species and cultivars of Psidium and species of Eugenia. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. 10: 632-635.

Azzolini, M., A.P. Jacomino, I.U. Bron, R.A. Kluge and A. Schiavinato. 2005. Ripening of ‘Pedro Sato’ guava: study on its climacteric or non-climacteric nature. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 17: 299-306.

Biale, J.B. and D.E. Barcus. 1970. Respiratory patterns in tropical fruits of the Amazon basin. Trop. Sci. 12: 93-104.

Bradford, K.J. and S.F. Yang. 1980. Stressinduced ethylene production in the ethylene-requiring tomato mutant diagotropica. Plant Physiol. 65: 327-330.

Brown, B.I. and R.B.H. Wills. 1983. Postharvest changes in guava fruits of different maturity. Sci. Hortic. 19: 237-243.

Burg, S. P. and E. A. Burg. 1969. Interaction of ethylene, oxygen and carbon dioxide in the control of fruit ripening. Plant. Masttr. V,g. XIX. 1-3: 185-200.

Lau, O. L. and S. F. Yang. 1973. Mechanism of a synergistic effect of kinetin on auxin-induced ethylene production: suppression of auxin conjugation. ibid. 51: 1011-1014.

Lau, O.L. and K.H. Yung. 1974. Synergistic effect of kinetin on IAA-induced ethylene production. Plant & Cell Physiol. 15: 29-35.

Lin, H.L. and T.T. Wang. 2006. Relationship between leaves kinetin-induced ethylene biosynthesis and fruit climacteric behavior of Psidium guajava L. Abstracts 2 7th International Horticultural Congress & Exhibition 8: 270-270.

Pommer, C.V. and K.R.N. Murakami. 2009. Breeding Guava (Psidium guajava L.). pp. 83-120. S.M. Jain and P.M. Priyadarshan (eds.). Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Tropical Species.

Shiesh, C.C. 1990. Studies on the Ripening Physiology and Postharvest Handling of ‘Irwin’ Mangoes. Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Horticulture, National Taiwan University.

Singh, S.P. and R.K. Pal. 2008. Response of climacteric-type guava (Psidium guajava L.) to postharvest treatment with 1-MCP. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 47: 307-314.

Yu, Y.B., D.O. Adams and S.F. Yang. 1979. Regulation of auxin-induced ethylene production in mungbean hypocotyl: Role of L-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid. Plant Physiol. 63: 589-590.