Main Article Content
This study aims to measure the level of health literacy. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample consisted of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who were followed at three government hospitals under the Ministry of Public Health, Phetchabun province, in 2019. The stratified and two-stage cluster random sampling was used. A sample of 544 patients with T2DM was collected. Data were collected by answering a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, frequency, percentage, and mean to measure the level and describe health literacy. All analyses were conducted using R statistical language (v3.2.4). The results showed that two-thirds of patients with T2DM had a high level of health literacy. When considering each aspect has a high level of health literacy in reading essential medical words (82.7%), need for help with health information (71.5%), and ability to access or seek health information (67.6%). We found that they had a low level of health literacy in terms of comprehension of numbers (high level of only 27.6%), cognition of disease and treatment (high level of only 34.9%), and decision-making (high level of only 40.4%). Also, Health personnel should organize activities to enhance their skills and experiences in numerical comprehension and understanding of the disease and its actions and decision-making in different situations. To provide patients with type 2 diabetes with a high level of health literacy.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Journal of TCI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Saeedi, P., Petersohn, I., Salpea, P., Malanda, B., Karuranga, S., Unwin, N., Colagiuri, S., Guariguata, L., Motala, A. A., Ogurtsova, K., Shaw, J. E., Bright, D., Williams, R., & IDF Diabetes Atlas Committee. (2019). Global and regional diabetes prevalence estimates for 2019 and projections for 2030 and 2045: Results from the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas, 9th edition. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 157, 107843. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.107843
King, H., Aubert, R. E., & Herman, W. H. (1998). Global burden of diabetes, 1995-2025: Prevalence, numerical estimates, and projections. Diabetes Care, 21(9), 1414–1431. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.21.9.1414
Aekplakorn, W., Chariyalertsak, S., Kessomboon, P., Assanangkornchai, S., Taneepanichskul, S., & Putwatana, P. (2018). Prevalence of Diabetes and Relationship with Socioeconomic Status in the Thai Population: National Health Examination Survey, 2004-2014. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2018, 1654530. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1654530
Harding, J. L., Pavkov, M. E., Magliano, D. J., Shaw, J. E., & Gregg, E. W. (2019). Global trends in diabetes complications: A review of current evidence. Diabetologia, 62(1), 3–16. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-018-4711-2
Khan, M. A. B., Hashim, M. J., King, J. K., Govender, R. D., Mustafa, H., & Al Kaabi, J. (2020). Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes—Global Burden of Disease and Forecasted Trends. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 10(1), 107–111. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191028.001
Bommer, C., Sagalova, V., Heesemann, E., Manne-Goehler, J., Atun, R., Bärnighausen, T., Davies, J., & Vollmer, S. (2018). Global Economic Burden of Diabetes in Adults: Projections From 2015 to 2030. Diabetes Care, 41(5), 963–970. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2337/dc17-1962
Marathe, P. H., Gao, H. X., & Close, K. L. (2017). American Diabetes Association Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes 2017. Journal of Diabetes, 9(4), 320–324. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-0407.12524
กองสุขศึกษา กระทรวงสาธารณสุข และมหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล. (2565, 15 สิงหาคม). การพัฒนาเครื่องมือวัดความแตกฉานด้านสุขภาพ สำหรับผู้ป่วยโรคเบาหวาน และความดันโลหิตสูง. สืบค้นจาก http://www.hed.go.th/news/5522
Bailey, S. C., Brega, A. G., Crutchfield, T. M., Elasy, T., Herr, H., Kaphingst, K., Karter, A. J., Moreland-Russell, S., Osborn, C. Y., Pignone, M., Rothman, R., & Schillinger, D. (2014). Update on health literacy and diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 40(5), 581–604. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721714540220
Daniel WW (1999). Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences. 7th edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Abdullah, A., Liew, S. M., Salim, H., Ng, C. J., & Chinna, K. (2019). Prevalence of limited health literacy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review. PloS One, 14(5), e0216402. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216402
Salganik, M. J. (2006). Variance Estimation, Design Effects, and Sample Size Calculations for Respondent-Driven Sampling. Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 83(1), 98–112. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-006-9106-x