Effect of Organic Growing Media on Growth, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidants Activity of Boesenbergia pandurata

Main Article Content

Karupakorn La-aedon
Sommai Patitungkho


This research aimed to study on growth, total phenolic contents, and antioxidant activity of red fingerroot (Krachai-Dang) grown in different organic materials. The experimental design was
completely randomized design. Treatments consisted of: treatment 1 sandy loam soil : chicken
manure : rice husk at the ratio of 2:1:1 by volume, treatment 2 sandy loam : cow dung : rice husk at the ratio of 2:1:1 by volume, treatment 3 loam sand : pig manure : rice husk at the ratio of 2:1:1 by volume, treatment 4 loam sand : granular organic fertilizer at the ratio of 2:1 by volume, treatment 5 sandy loam : rice husk at the ratio of 2:1 by volume, and treatment 6 sandy loam soil (control). The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference for plant height at 15 and 30 days after planting (DAP) (p > 0.05) but at 90 DAP plant height was statistically different (p < 0.05). The treatment of pig manure mixed with rice husk at the ratio of 1:1 had the highest average height of 17.50 cm. The treatment that was grown in sandy loam had the lowest average height of 12.66 cm. The number of shoots per bunch was not statistically different (p > 0.05). Sandy loam: cow dung: rice husk at the ratio of 2:1:1 gave the highest number of shoots (3.66 shoots) and average shoot weight of 49.03 grams per pot. The total phenolic compounds and their antioxidant capacity were statistically different (p < 0.05). Plants grow in chicken manure mixed with rice husk at the ratio of 1:1 had the highest total phenolic content of 8749.00 mgGAE/g DW and the best antioxidant activity of 82.05%. While planting in sandy loam mixed with rice husk at the ratio of 1:1 gave the least total phenolic content of 5599.07 mgGAE/g DW. The least of antioxidant activity was the treatment planted in sandy loam soil at 71.73%. In case of cultivation for use, the planting material from chicken manure mixed with sandy loam at the ratio of 2:1:1 should be used because it gave the highest total phenolic compound content and had the best antioxidant activity.

Article Details

How to Cite
La-aedon, K. ., & Patitungkho, S. . (2022). Effect of Organic Growing Media on Growth, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidants Activity of Boesenbergia pandurata. Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan-Ok Research Journal, 15(1), 1–11. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal2rmutto/article/view/252335
Research article
Author Biographies

Karupakorn La-aedon, Buriram Rajabhat University

Department of General Science, Faculty of Educati

Sommai Patitungkho, Buriram Rajabhat University

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science


Bray, R. H. and L.T, Kurtz. 1945 Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soil. Soil Science. 9 : 39-45.

Chahyadi, A., R. Hartati, K. R. Wirasutisna, and Elfahmi 2014. Boesenbergia pandurata Roxb.,An Indonesian Medicinal Plant : Phytochemistry, Biological Activity, Plant Biotechnology. Procendia Chem. 13: 13-37.

Chattrakul, A. 2012. Research report of development of compost products from Tamarind waste. Faculty of Agricultural Technology. Petchabun Rajabhat University, Petchabun.

Cheenpracha, S., C. Kararai, C. Ponglimanont, S. Subhadhirasakul, and S. Tewtrakul. 2006. Anti-HIV-1 protease activity of comounds from Boesenbergia pandurata. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry. 14(6): 1710-1714.

Chiang, M., Y. Kurmoo, and T. J. Khoo, 2017. Chemical and Cell Based Antioxidant Capacity of Methanolic Extracts of Three Commonly Edibla Plants from Zingiberaceas Family, Free Radic, Antioxidant. 7(1): 57-62.

Cordovil, C. M. D. S., J. Coutinho, M. Goss, and F. Cabral 2005. Potentially mineralizable nitrogen from organic materials applied to a sandy soil: fitting the one pool exponential model. Soil Use Manage. 21: 65-72.

Dayegamiye, A., A. Drapeau, and C. Nduwamungu. 2010. Fresh and composted paper sludges sustain soil productivity. International Journal Agronomy. 2010: 1-10.

El-Moniem, A., M. Naguib, F. K. El-Baz, Z. A. Salama, H. A. E. B. Hanaa, H. F. Ali, and A. A. Gaafar, 2012. Enhancement of phenolics, flavonoids and glucosinolates of Broccoli (Brassica olaracea, var.Italica) as antioxidants in response to organic and bio-organic fertilizers, Journal Saudi Soc. Agricultural Science, 11: 135-142.

Eng-Chong, T., L. Yean-Kee, C, Chin-Fei, H, Choon-Han, W. Sher-Ming, C. T. Li-Ping, F. Gen-Teck, N. Khalid, N. A. Rahman, S. A. Karsani, S. Othman, R. Othman and R. Yusof. 2012. Review Article Boesenbergia rotunda : From Ethnomedicine to Drug Discovery. Evidence- Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 25p. Hindawi Publishing Corporation.

Hemwong, S. and P. Vityakon. 2019. Effects of Organic Materials Managements on Soil Fertility, Growth and Yield of Sugarcane. Prawarun Agriculture Journal. 16(2) : 361 – 373

Ibrahim M.H., H. Z. Jaafar. A. Rahmat. and Z. A. Rahman. 2011. Effects of nitrogen fertilization on synthesis of primary and secondary metabolites in three varieties of Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumila Blume). International .Journal Molecules Science, 12: 52-54.

Jackson, M. L. 1958. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Halloflnc, New Jersy.

Jones, J. B. Jr., 2001. Laboratory Guide for Conducting Soil tests and Plant Analysis. Boca Raton : CRC Press.

Kesan, J. P. 2007. Agricultural Biotechnology and Intellectual Property Seeds of Change . CAB International, Wallingford.

Kiat, S., P. Richad, Y. Rohana, I. Halijah, K. Norzulaani. and A. Noorsaadah, 2006. Inhibitory activity of Cyclo hexrnyl Chacone derivatives and flavonoids of fingerroot, Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) towards dengue-2 virus NS3 protease, Bioorganic Medical Chemistry Letters, 16: 3337-3340.

Kim, J. H., F, Chen. X, Wang. H. Y., Chung. and Z, Jan. 2005. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of vetiver (Vetiveria zizaniodes L.) oil and identification of its antioxidant constituents, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53(20) :7691-7695.

Kowwilaisang, N. and C. Aninbon, 2018. Influence of Organic Fertilizer Types on Yield Components and Total Phenolic Compounds in Peanut. Thai Science and Technology Journal (TSTJ). 28(2) : 265-273.

Lesing, S. 2015. Effect of Organic Fertilizer on Growth and Yield Quality of White Mugwort. Master of Science, Thammasat University.

Li, J., Z. Zhu, and J. Gerendas, 2008. Effects of nitrogen and sulfur on total phenolics and antioxidant activity in two genotypes of leaf mustard, Journal Plant Nutrition. 31: 1642-1655.

Loypimai, P., A, Moongngam. and P, Chottanom. 2009. Effects of Ohmic Heating on Lipase Activity, Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Rice Bran. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(4): 3642-3652.

Nurrachma, M. Y., H, Fadliyah. and E, Meiyanto. 2018. Fingerroot Boesenbergia pandurata : A Prospective Anticancer Therapy. Indonesia Journal Cancer Chemoprevent. 9(2): 102-109.

Phongpaichit, S., S, Subhadhirassakul. and C, Wattanapiromsakul. 2005. Antifungal activities of extracts from Thai medicinal plants against opportunistic fulgal pathogens associated with AIDS patients. Mycoses 48(5): 333-338.

Pojangaroon, S. 2006. Possibility for Krachai-Dam (Kaempferia paruiflora W. ex Baker) Commercial Production. Thai Agricultural Research Journal. 24(3): 263-287.

Ratneetoo, B. 2009. Organic Fertilizer Improves Deteriorated Soil. Princces of Naradhivas University Journal 1(2): 1-15.

Shindo, K., M, Kato. A, Kinoshita. A, Kobayashi. and Y, Koike. 2006. Analysis of antioxidant activities contained in the Boesenbergia rotunda. Schult. Rhizome. Bioscince Biotechnol Biochem. 70(9): 2281-2284.

Srihabun, P., S, Saelim. P, Potinam. and S, Teamthaisong. 2013. High quality organic fertilizer for vegetable growing on Chum Phuang soil series, case study of Chinese kale. Available : http://www. r05.ldd.go.th.Accessed March 28, 2013

Sereme, A., C. Dabire, M. Koala, M. K. Somda and A. S. Raore, 2016. Influence of organic and mineral fertilizers on the antioxidants and total phenolic compounds level in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) var. mongal F1, Journal Experimental Biology Agricultural Science. 4: 414-420.

Sudwan, P., Saenpet, K., Aritajat, S., Sitasuwan, N. 2007. Effect of Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. On sexual behavior of male rats. Asian Journal Androl. 9(6): 849-855.

Supinrach,S., I, Supinrach. and R, Sriwanchai. 2016. Effect of Media on Growth and Flowering of China Pink (Dianthus chinensis) Songklanakarin journal. 3 (Suppl.II): 77- 82.

Taokaenchan, N., P. Areesrisom, W. Suthon. and. W. Manoonya. 2018. Effect of organic fertilizers on growth and total phenolic content of Artermisia lactiflora, Agricultural Science Journal, 49: 132-138. (in Thai)

Tewtrakul, S., S, Sana., K, Chatchanok., P, Chanita. and C, Sarot. 2009. Anti-flammatory effects of compounds from Kaempferia parviora and Boesenbergia pandurata, Food Chemistry. 115: 534-538.

Theunissen, P., A. Ndakidemi. and C. P. Laubscher. 2010. Potential of vermicompost produced from plant waste on the growth and nutrient status in vegetable production International Journal of Physical Science, 5(13): 1964-1973

Walkley, A. J. and I. A. Black. 1937. Estimation of soil organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science. 37, 29-38.