Suitability study of indigenous rice varieties for promoting cultivation in Pathum Thani Province

Main Article Content

Winakon Theerak
Wanida Sumranram
Nattapong Chanchula

Abstract

         The objective of this research was to evaluate suitability of four indigenous rice species for cultivation in Pathum Thani Province. In this work, growth, yield composition, and nutrition value of the rice were studied. Completely randomized design (CRD) was employed with a total of 400 rice plots; 100 plots for each species, in which 25 of the plots were cultivated with four replications. The species were Hom Dong, Pa-yah Leum Gaeng, Leuang Patew, and Hom Mali. The results showed that Hom Dong and Hom Mali had the best growth; plant height, days to 50% flowering, and days to harvesting, followed by Pa-yah Leum Gaeng and Leuang Patew, respectively. Leuang Patew had the highest number of tiller per plant. In terms of yield composition, Hom Dong and Hom Mali had the highest number of grains per panicle, good seeds per panicle, and grain length, followed by Pa-yah Leum Gaeng and Leuang Patew, respectively. Pa-yah Leum Gaeng had the highest grain weight of 100 grains. There was no significant difference in SPAD index, number of panicles per plant, grain width, and brown rice weight, among the four rice varieties. According to nutrient analysis, Hom Dong had the highest amount of protein. Hom Mali had the least amount of fat, followed by Hom Dong. Hom Mali also had the lowest amount of ash. However, the four rice varieties had no significant amounts in moisture, carbohydrate, calcium, and phosphorus. In conclusion, Hom Dong and Hom Mali were most suitable for promoting cultivation to farmers in Pathum Thani Province, followed by Pa-yah Leum Gaeng which had better growth and yield composition than those of Leuang Patew.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย (Research article)

References

AOAC. (1990). Official methods of analysis of the AOAC (15th ed.). Arlington, VA: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.

Chuenmathunpaijit, C., Malumpong, C., Thongjoo, C., Chutteang, C., & Romkaew, J. (2021). Effect of high temperature at reproductive stage on seed set, yield and yield components of rice. RMUTSB Academic Journal, 9(1), 1-13. (in Thai)

Chepprasop, C., Anomunee, L., & Salem, H. (2016). Chemical composition and amylose content in local rice variety of Phatthalung Province (research report). Songkhla: Songkhla Rajabhat University. (in Thai)

Fuengchan, S. (1995). Nutrients for horiculture. Khon Kaen: Siriphan. (in Thai)

Land Development Department. (2012). Thailand soil and land resources situation. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. (in Thai)

Office of the Permanent Secretary for Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. (2021). Fundamental agricultural data from Pathum Thani Province. Retrieved 1 June 2021, from https://www.opsmoac.go.th/pathumthani-dwl-files-421091791000

Porjai, P., Wangmoon, P., Kumchaiseemak, N., Luengviriya, Ch., Jongserijaroen, A., & Kongsri, W. (2017). Classification of Thai rice seed cultivars with image processing. Science and Technology RMUTT Journal, 7(2), 145-152. (in Thai)

Puddhanon, P., Pintanon, P., Deesipan, S., & Songchanthuek, S. (2012). Mutation breeding and selection for phenotypic mutants in standard rice varieties by ion beam in the field condition (research report). Chiang Mai: Maejo University. (in Thai)

Rice Family Thailand. (n.d). Rice in niche market center. Retrieved 20 June 2019, from https://www.thairicedb.com (in Thai)

Santipracha, Q., & Santipracha, W. (2016). Seed development and maturation and panicle position on seed quality of upland rice. Songklanakarin Journal of Plant Science, 3(4), 34-39. (in Thai)

Rungruengsri, N. (2006). Genetics. Chiang Mai: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Maejo University. (in Thai)