Effects of Drying Temperatures and Times on Antioxidant Contents and Their Activities of Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Leaves

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สุกัญญา จันทร์สุนะ
ลลิตา เจริญทรัพย์
เยาวพา จิระเกียรติกุล
พรชัย หาระโคตร

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of drying temperatures and times on total phenolic, flavonoid contents and their activities of Centella asiatica (L.) Urb leaves. The experiment was conducted as a 3 x 3 factorial in completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. Two factors included three drying temperatures: 60, 70 and 80 ºC, and three drying times: 8, 10 and 12 hours. The results indicated that high drying temperature and time caused a decrease in the total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and DPPH radical scavenging activity. The highest total phenolic content was observed when samples were dried at temperature 60 ºC for 8 and 10 hours. Moreover, dried leaves at this temperature for 10 hours also contained the highest total flavonoid content and DPPH free radical inhibition. Drying temperatures at 60 and 70 ºC for 10 hours resulted in the greatest ABTS+• radical scavenging activity. Therefore, the optimum drying temperature and time for C. asiatica (L.) Urb. leaves were 60 ºC for 10 hours.

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วิทยาศาสตร์ชีวภาพ
Author Biographies

สุกัญญา จันทร์สุนะ

สาขาวิชาเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร คณะวิทยาศาสตร์และเทคโนโลยี มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ศูนย์รังสิต ตำบลคลองหนึ่ง อำเภอคลองหลวง จังหวัดปทุมธานี 12120

ลลิตา เจริญทรัพย์

สาขาวิชาเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร คณะวิทยาศาสตร์และเทคโนโลยี มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ศูนย์รังสิต ตำบลคลองหนึ่ง อำเภอคลองหลวง จังหวัดปทุมธานี 12120

เยาวพา จิระเกียรติกุล

สาขาวิชาเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร คณะวิทยาศาสตร์และเทคโนโลยี มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ศูนย์รังสิต ตำบลคลองหนึ่ง อำเภอคลองหลวง จังหวัดปทุมธานี 12120

พรชัย หาระโคตร, Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Science and TEchnology, Thammasat University

สาขาวิชาเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร คณะวิทยาศาสตร์และเทคโนโลยี มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ศูนย์รังสิต ตำบลคลองหนึ่ง อำเภอคลองหลวง จังหวัดปทุมธานี 12120

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