Evaluation of some durum wheat genotypes for drought tolerance using stress selection indices

Main Article Content

G. Afrooz
N. Sabaghnia
R. Karimizadeh
F. Shekari

Abstract

Drought stress is a widespread problem influencing durum wheat production, but the development of tolerant genotypes is hampered by the lack of effective selection criteria. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the ability of several selection indices to identify tolerant genotypes. Fourteen durum wheat genotypes were evaluated under both drought stress and non-stress environments using a randomized complete block design with four replications. Twelve drought tolerance indices were used based on grain yield under stress (YP) and non-stress (YS) conditions. Genotypes G3 (4,032 ± 448 kg ha-1) and G4 (4,025 ± 444 kg ha-1) had the highest yield under non-stress condition, while genotype G8 (2,702 ± 336 kg ha-1) displayed the highest performance under stress conditions. Some genotypes including G1, G3, G6, G8, and G14 had high performances in both stress and non-stress conditions. Genotypes performed differently to drought stress, which justifies screening durum wheat for both yield and drought tolerance. Therefore, the modified stress susceptibility index (STI)-based indices (K1STI and K2STI) can discriminate drought tolerant genotypes with high grain yield under both non-stress and stress conditions. Finally, the genotype G3 (4,032 kg ha-1 in non-stress and 2,573 kg ha-1 in stress conditions) besides genotype G8 (3,773 kg ha-1 at non-stress and 2,702 kg ha-1 at stress conditions) were the most favorable genotypes and could be recommended for future recommendation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Article

References

Akçura, M., F. Partigoç and Y. Kaya. 2011. Evaluating of drought stress tolerance based on selection indices in Turkish bread wheat landraces. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 21(4): 700–709.

Akçura, M. and S. Çeri. 2011. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for selection of Turkish oat (Avena sativa L.) landraces under various environmental conditions. Zemdirbyster. 98(2): 157–166.

Ayed, S., A. Othmani, I. Bouhaouel and J.A. Teixeira da Silva. 2021. Multi-environment screening of durum wheat genotypes for drought tolerance in changing climatic events. Agronomy. 11(5): 875.

Barati, V., E. Bijanzadeh and Z. Zinati. 2020. Nitrogen source and deficit irrigation influence on yield and nitrogen translocation of triticale in an arid Mediterranean agroecosystem. J. Agric. Sci. Technol. 22(5): 1295–1311.

Blum, A. 1996. Crop responses to drought and the interpretation of adaptation. Plant Growth Regul. 20: 135–148.

Bouslama, M. and W.T. Schapaugh Jr. 1984. Stress tolerance in soybean. I. Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Sci. 24(5): 933–937.

Ceccarelli, S., S. Grando and A. Impiglia. 1998. Choice of selection strategy in breeding barley for stress environments. Euphytica. 103: 307–318.

Dehghani, G.H., F. Malekshhi and B. Alizadeh. 2009. A study of drought tolerance indices in canola (Brassica napus L.) genotypes. J. Sci. Technol. Agric. Nat. Resour. 13(48): 77–90.

Dencic, S., R. Kastori, B. Kobiljski and B. Duggan. 2000. Evaluation of grain yield and its components in wheat cultivars and landraces under near optimal and drought conditions. Euphytica. 113: 43–52.

Fernandez, G.C.J. 1992. Effective selection criteria for assessing stress tolerance, pp.257–270. In: C.G. Kuo, (Ed), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetables and Other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress, Tainan, Taiwan.

Fischer, R.A. and R. Maurer. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. I. Grain yield response. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 29(5): 897–912.

Gavuzzi, P., F. Rizza, M. Palumbo, R.G. Campaline, G.L. Ricciardi and B. Borghi. 1997. Evaluation of field and laboratory predictors of drought and heat tolerance in winter cereals. Can. J. Plant Sci. 77: 523–531.

Ilker, E., O. Tatar, F. Aykut-Tonk and M. Tosun. 2011. Determination of tolerance level of some wheat genotypes to post-anthesis drought. Turk. J. Field Crops 16(1): 59–63.

Karimizadeh, R., M. Mohammadi, M. Armion, M.K. Shefazadeh and H. Chalajour. 2012. Determining heritability, reliability and stability of grain yield and yield-related components in durum wheat (Triticum durum L.). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci. 18(4): 595–607.

Khalili, M., M.R. Naghavi, A. Pour-Aboughadareh and S.J. Talebzadeh. 2012. Evaluating of drought stress tolerance based on selection indices in spring canola cultivars (Brassica napus L.). J. Agric. Sci. 4(11): 78–85.

Lin, C.S. and M.R. Binns. 1988. A superiority measure of cultivar performance for cultivar × location data. Can. J. Plant Sci. 68: 193–198.

Minitab. 2005. Minitab User’s Guide. Version 14. Minitab Inc, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA.

Mohammadi, R. and A. Abdulahi. 2017. Evaluation of durum wheat genotypes based on drought tolerance indices under different levels of drought stress. J. Agric. Sci. 62(1): 1–14.

Mohammadi, R., M. Armion, D. Kahrizi and A. Amri. 2010. Efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions. Int. J. Plant Prod. 4(1): 11–24.

Naderi, A., A. Hashemi-dezfuli, A. Rezai, E.M. Heravan and G.N. Mohamadi. 2000. Study on correlation of traits and components affecting grain weight and determination of effect of some physiological parameters on grain yield in spring wheat genotypes under optimum and drought stress conditions. Seed Plant. 16(3): 374–386.

Naghavi, M.R., A. Pour-Aboughadareh and M. Khalili. 2013. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for screening some of corn (Zea mays L.) cultivars under environmental conditions. Not. Sci. Biol. 5(3): 388–393.

Rawtiya, A.K. and Y.G. Kasal. 2021. Drought stress and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield: a review. Pharma Innov. J. 10(5): 1007–1012.

Rosielle, A.A. and J. Hamblin. 1981. Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environments. Crop Sci. 21(6): 943–946.

Saba, J., M. Moghaddam, K. Ghassemi and M.R. Nishabouri. 2001. Genetic properties of drought resistance indices. J. Agric. Sci. Technol. 3: 43–49.

Sabaghnia, N. and M. Janmohammadi. 2014. Evaluation of selection indices for drought tolerance in some chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Acta Technol. Agric. 12: 6–12.

Sadiki, M. 2006. Diversity of Moroccan local faba bean landraces for reaction to drought stress, pp. 11–17. In: D. Jarvis, I. Mar and L. Sears, (Eds), Enhancing the Use of Crop Genetic Diversity to Manage Abiotic Stress in Agricultural Production Systems. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.

SAS. 1996. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 6.12. SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC, USA.

Sio-Se Mardeh, A., A. Ahmadi, K. Poustini and V. Mohammadi. 2006. Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions. Field Crops Res. 98(2–3): 222–229.

Thumjamras, S., H. de Jong and S. Iamtham. 2019. Assessment of some physiological and biochemical parameters of three Thai sugarcane cultivars under salt- and drought-stress. Thai J. Agric. Sci. 52(4): 220–231.

Toorchi, M., R. Naderi, A. Kanbar and M.R. Shakiba. 2012. Response of spring canola cultivars to sodium chloride stress. Ann. Biol. Res. 2(5): 312–322.