Use of different eco-friendly management approaches for controlling root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita L.) in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

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M.M.R. Sarker
M.A. Ali
M.S. Islam
M.S. Huda
I. Pun
R. Podder
A.F. Tomczak
A. Hossain


Root-knot nematodes are growing concerns for tomato growers because chemical nematicides are gradually disappearing and environmentally not sound. Alternative techniques based on organic soil amendments and other nematodes antagonistic (biological control agents) are needed to be solved the problem. This review analyzed the recent studies related to these techniques and their combinations and identified the most effective ones. Also, this analysis focused on a description of eco-friendly management techniques rather than chemical control. Several alternative techniques such as organic manure, plant products, organic wastes, antagonistic fungi, and bacteria are considered to control knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in tomato production. The review analyzed the effect of each practice and interactions among the techniques. A remarkable variation was also found among the studies. Organic soil amendments enhance the activities of microorganisms that can significantly suppress root-knot nematode by the release of nematotoxic compounds. On the other hand, nematode antagonistic (nematophagous fungi, bacteria, etc.) also control root-knot nematode without any hazard to the environment. This study will help to find out the most effective, economical, eco-friendly management method for controlling nematode for encouraging tomato production.


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