Efficacy of Herbal Plants as Insect Attractant to Control Tobacco Beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F.

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Wachiraporn Phoonan
Unchalee Ninsuwan
Benchawan Khemthong
Thongchai Khammee

Abstract

The tobacco beetle, Lasoderma serricorne Fabricius, is an economic important storage insect pest of tobacco products, spices, plant products and animal specimens in museum. It can be controlled using attractant traps to monitor its population in stores and then use the suitable control methods which safe for users and consumers. This research aims to study the efficacy of herbal plants that have an attraction property to tobacco beetle and compare the chemical constituents of the active plants. The 15 food plant products of the beetle were Piper nigrum L. (seeds), Mimusops elengi L. (flowers), Talinum paniculatum Gaertn. (roots), Millingtonia hortensis L.f. (flowers), Phyllanthus amarus Schum & Thonn. (leaves), Cassia fistula L. (pods), Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less. (whole plant), P. emblica L. (fruits), Morus alba L. (leaves), C. bakeriana Craib (pods), Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (flowers), Senna alata (L.) Roxb. (leaves), Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) (leaves), Nicotiana tabacum L. (leaves) and Curcuma longa L. (rhizomes). They were tested the attraction activity by 4–Choice olfactometer. The results indicate that the highest attraction is N. tabacum leaves, following by C. bakeriana pods. Gas chromatography-flame ionization (GC-FID) analysis of two plants revealed that ß-caryophyllene and phenylpropyl n-valerate being the major constituents of N. tabacum leave and C. bakeriana pod extracts, respectively. The most abundant compounds in those two extracts were esters. The (Z)-2-hexenal, isoeugenol and phenylpropyl n-valerate were discovered to be co-constituents in both herbal plants which could be further study and develop as an attractant for tobacco beetle in the stores.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)
Author Biographies

Unchalee Ninsuwan, Program in Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phranakhon Rajabhat University

Program of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phranakhon Rajabhat University 

Benchawan Khemthong, Program in Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phranakhon Rajabhat University

Program of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phranakhon Rajabhat University

Thongchai Khammee, Program in Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phranakhon Rajabhat University

Program of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phranakhon Rajabhat University

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