Nutritive value and in vitro digestibility of yeast-fermented corn dust with cassava pulp affected by ensiling time

Main Article Content

Ratchataporn Lunsin
Ruangyote Pilajun
Suban Foiklang
Julakorn Panatuk

บทคัดย่อ

The aims of this study was to determine the chemical composition and nutritive value of yeast-fermented corn dust with cassava pulp using in vitro gas production technique. The experiment followed the completely randomized design with 6×5 factorial arrangement. Factor A comprised 6 ratios of fermented corn dust with cassava pulp (100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80, and 0:100% dry matter (DM), respectively), and factor B comprised 5 ensiling times (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 days ensiled, respectively). Corn dust and cassava pulp were taken to treat with yeast solution according to the treatments and ensiled in a plastic bag at room temperature. The feed samples (200 mg dry matter from each) were incubated in vitro with rumen fluid taken from two male crossbred beef cattle (Thai-native x Charolais) at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 72, and 96 h. The results showed that increasing level of cassava pulp as a substrate fermented with corn dust decreased dry matter, crude protein, ether extract, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber (P<0.01); whereas, organic matter and crude fiber were increased when increasing the level of cassava pulp (P<0.01). After 15 days ensiled, all treatments of yeast-fermented corn dust with cassava pulp showed greater chemical composition than other ensiling times. Moreover, gas kinetics, gas production, in vitro digestibility, and metabolizable energy content in yeast-fermented corn dust with cassava pulp at the ratio of 40:60, 20:80, and 0:100% DM on day 15 of ensiled were significantly greater than other treatments (P<0.01). Therefore, yeast-fermented corn dust with cassava pulp at the ratio of 40:60, 20:80, and 0:100% DM after 15 days ensiled could be an alternative animal feed resource for ruminants.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

บท
บทความวิจัย (research article)

References

Ajila, C.M, S.K. Brar, M. Verma, R.D. Tyagi, S. Godbout, and J.R. Valéro. 2012. Bio-processing of agro-byproducts to animal feed. Critical reviews in biotechnology. 32(4): 382-400.

Akindahunsi, A.A, and G. Oboh. 2003. Effect of fungi fermentation on organoleptic properties, energy content and in-vitro multienzyme digestibility of cassava products (flour & gari). Nutrition and health. 17(2):131-138.

Akinfemi, A., A.O. Adesanya, and V.E. Aya. 2009. Use of an in vitro gas production technique to evaluate some Nigerian feedstuffs. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research. 4(4): 240-245.

AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis. 15th Edition. Association of Official Analysis Chemists, Washington, DC.

Bhalla, T.C., and M. Joshi. 1994. Protein enrichment of apple pomace by co-culture of cellulolytic moulds and yeasts. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. 10(1): 116–117.

Blummel, M., and K. Becker. 1997. The degradability characteristics of fifty-four roughages and roughage neutral detergent fibers as described by in vitro gas production and their relationship to voluntary feed intake. British Journal of Nutrition 77: 757-768.

Boonnop, K., M. Wanapat, N. Nontaso, and S. Wanapat. 2009. Enriching nutritive value of cassava root by yeast fermentation. Scientia Agricola. 66: 629-633.

Chauynarong, N., M.M. Bhuiyan, U. Kanto, and P.A. Iji. 2015. Variation in nutrient composition of cassava pulp and its effects on in vitro digestibility. Asian Journal of Poultry Science. 9: 203-212.

Chumpawadee, S., A. Chantiratikul, and P. Chantiratikul. 2007. Chemical composition and nutritional evaluation of energy feeds for ruminants using in vitro gas production technique. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 6(6): 607-612.

Chumpawadee, S., and S. Leetongdee. 2020. Effect of level of cassava pulp in fermented total mixed ration on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation and chewing behavior in goats. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology. 42(4): 753-758.

Chumpawadee, S., K. Sommart, T. Vongpralub, and V. Pattarajinda. 2005. Nutritional evaluation of non forage high fibrous tropical feeds for ruminant using in vitro gas production technique. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 4(5): 298-303.

Chumpawadee, S., K. Sommart, T. Vongpralub, and V. Pattarajinda. 2006. Nutritional evaluation of energy feed sources for ruminant using in vitro gas production technique. Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science). 40(2): 430-435.

Getachew, G., P.H. Robinson, E.J. DePeters, and S.J. Taylor. 2004. Relationships between chemical compositions, dry matter degradation and in vitro gas production of several ruminant feeds. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 111: 57-71.

Hao, Y., S. Huang, G. Liu, J. Zhang, G. Liu, Z. Cao, Y. Wang, W. Wang, and S. Li. 2021. Effects of different parts on the chemical composition, silage fermentation profile, in vitro and in situ digestibility of paper mulberry. Animals. 11(2): 413.

Idris, A.O., C. Kijora, A.M. Salih, I. Bushara, and H.A.A. Elbukhary 2012. Degradation characteristics of some Sudanese grasses and gas production techniques. Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research. 2(3): 258-263.

Kaewwongsa W., S., Traiyakun, C., Yuangklang, and C. Wachirapakorn. 2011. Protein enrichment of cassava pulp fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 10: 2434-2440.

Keaokliang, O., T. Kawashima, W. Angthong, T. Suzuki, and R. Narmseelee. 2018. Chemical composition and nutritive values of cassava pulp for cattle. Animal Science Journal. 89(8): 1120-1128.

Khampa S, S. Ittharat, and U. Koatdoke. 2011. Enrichment value of yeast-malate fermented cassava pulp and cassava hay as protein source replace soybean meal in concentrate on rumen ecology in crossbred native cattle. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 10: 126-1131.

Lunsin, R., D. Sokantat and L. Manop. 2019. The nutritive value and in vitro degradability of sugarcane bagasse treated with urea and molasses at difference fermentation time. Khon Kaen Agriculture Journal. 47(Suppl.2): 735-740 (in Thai).

Lunsin, R., D. Sokantat, and L. Manop. 2021. Improving the nutritive values of corn dust by urea and molasses treatment as ruminant feed. Khon Kaen Agriculture Journal. 48(Suppl.1): 517-521.

Lunsin, R., S. Duanyai, R. Pilajun, S. Duanyai, and P. Sombatsri. 2018. Effect of urea- and molasses-treated sugarcane bagasse on nutrient composition and in vitro rumen fermentation in dairy cows. Agriculture and Natural Resources. 52(5): 622-627.

Menke, K.H., and H. Steingass. 1988. Estimation of the energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Animal research and development. 28: 9-55.

Menke, K.H., L. Raab, A. Salewski, H. Steingass, D. Fritz, and W. Schneider. 1979. The estimation of the digestibility and metabolizable energy content of ruminant feedstuffs from the gas production when they are incubated with rumen liquor in vitro. The Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge University Press. 92: 217-222.

Norrapoke, T., M. Wanapat, A. Cherdthong, S. Kang, K. Phesatcha, and T. Pongjongmit. 2018. Improvement of nutritive value of cassava pulp and in vitro fermentation and microbial population by urea and molasses supplementation. Journal of Applied Animal Research. 46(1): 242-247.

Office of agricultural economics. 2021. Agricultural production information years 2018-2020 (Corn). Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, Thailand. Available: www.oae.go.th. Accessed April 27, 2021.

Ørskov, E.R., and I. McDonald. 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen for incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. The Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge University Press. 92: 499-503.

Pilajun, R., and M. Wanapat. 2018. Chemical composition and in vitro gas production of fermented cassava pulp with different types of supplements. Journal of Applied Animal Research. 46(1): 81-86.

Sadh, P.K., S. Kumar, P. Chawla, and J.S. Duhan. 2018. Fermentation: a boon for production of bioactive compounds by processing of food industries wastes (By-Products). Molecules. 23(10): 2560-2593.

SAS. 2006. User’s guide. 2nd Edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

Steel, R.G.D., and J.H. Torries. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach. 2nd Edition. McGrow-Hill Book Co., NY.

Suksombat, W., J. Homkaow, and C. Meeprom. 2018. Effects of ensiled Aspergillus oryzae and Saccharomyces cerevisiae cassava pulp as replacement for concentrate on ruminal fermentation in rumen-fistulated cows. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology. 40(4): 896-903.

Tilley, J.M.A., and R.A. Terry. 1963. A two-stage technique for the digestion of forage crops. Journal of the British Grassland Society. 18: 104-111.

Ubalua, A.O. 2007. Cassava wastes: treatment options and value addition alternatives. African Journal of Biotechnology. 6(18): 2065-2073.

Van Soest, P.J., J.B. Robertson, and B.A., Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science. 74: 3583-3597.

Yimmongkol, S. 2009. Research and development projects on improvement of the potential use of dried cassava pulp and cassava leaf meal in concentrate of feedlot cattle. Ph.D. Thesis. Kasetsart University, Bangkok.

Most read articles by the same author(s)